Files:
Writeups:
 nasacp2007214874cfdval.pdf ...Pdf
volume of contributed papers, NASA/CP2007214874, April 2007 (8.0 MB)
Detailed results:
 tables.pdf ...Pdf tables
describing all of the submissions (includes updates through May 2004) (213 kB),
updated 10 June 2004
 case1figsonly.pdf ...Pdf summary
plots of Case 1 results (includes updates through May 2004) (5.0 MB)
 case1contoursonly.pdf ...Pdf
contour plots submitted by Case 1 participants (includes updates through May 2004) (9.6 MB)
 case2figsonly.pdf ...Pdf summary
plots of Case 2 results (includes updates through May 2004) (3.3 MB)
 case2contoursonly.pdf ...Pdf
contour plots submitted by Case 2 participants (includes updates through May 2004) (3.6 MB)
 case3figsonly.pdf ...Pdf summary
plots of Case 3 results (includes updates through May 2004) (4.9 MB)
 case3streamlinesonly.pdf ...Pdf
streamline plots submitted by Case 3 participants (includes updates through May 2004) (1.9 MB)
Summary Papers:
 AIAA20042217.pdf ...Pdf
summary paper from AIAA conference (2.4 MB) (later became journal article, with some
modifications: AIAA J, 44(2), 2006, pp. 194207)
 AIAA20084311.pdf ...Pdf
survey paper from AIAA conference on CFDVAL2004 case results that were published
after the workshop (2.7 MB)
Powerpoint Slides:
Summary slides of 3 cases from CFDVAL2004 workshop and hump results from
11th ERCOFTAC/IAHR turbulence modeling workshop:
 summary_incl_sweden.ppt ...ppt
summary slides (4.9 MB), posted 8/17/05
 summary_incl_sweden.pdf ...same thing
in pdf format (3.8 MB), posted 6/30/06
Slides of survey of published CFDVAL2004 results that have come out
after the workshop (goes along with AIAA20084311):
 Seattle_08_flowcontrol.ppt ...ppt
summary slides (2.4 MB), posted 7/17/08
 Seattle_08_flowcontrol.pdf ...same
thing in pdf format (2.8 MB), posted 7/17/08
List of known publications that resulted directly from the Workshop, or later made use of the
Workshop cases:
(Please email to Page Curator if you have other publications that we missed)
Multiple cases:
 Rumsey, C. L., Gatski, T. B., Sellers, W. L., Vatsa, V. N., Viken, S. A.,
"Summary of the 2004 CFD Validation Workshop on Synthetic Jets and Turbulent Separation
Control," AIAA 20042217, JuneJuly 2004. (Summary of all cases)
 Iaccarino, G., Marongiu, C., Catalano, P., Amato, M., "RANS Modeling
and Simulations of Synthetic Jets," AIAA 20042223, JuneJuly 2004. (Case 2 and 3)
 Rumsey, C. L., Gatski, T. B., Sellers, W. L., Vatsa, V. N., Viken, S. A.,
"Summary of the 2004 Computational Fluid Dynamics Validation Workshop on Synthetic Jets,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2, February 2006, pp. 194207. (Summary of all cases)
 Rumsey, C. L.,
"Successes and Challenges for Flow Control Simulations (Invited),"
AIAA 20084311, June 2008. (Survey of CFDVAL2004 case results that were published
after the workshop)
 Rumsey, C. L., Swanson, R. C., "Turbulence Modelling for Active
Flow Control Applications,"
International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 23, No. 4,
AprilMay 2009, pp. 317326. (A few selected case 2 and case 3 results)
 Rumsey, C. L.,
"Successes and Challenges for Flow Control Simulations,"
International Journal of Flow Control, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2009, pp. 127.
(Survey of CFDVAL2004 case results that were published after the workshop)
 Adya, S., Han, D., Hosder, S., "Uncertainty Quantification Integrated to the
CFD Modeling of Synthetic Jet Actuators,"
AIAA 20104411, June 2010. (Case 1 and 3)
Case 1 (Synthetic jet out of narrow slot into quiescent air):
Case 1 Experiment:
 Yao, C.S., Chen, F. J., Neuhart, D., Harris, J., "Synthetic Jet Flow
Database for CFD Validation," AIAA 20042218, JuneJuly 2004.
 Yao, C.S., Chen, F. J., and Neuhart, D., "Synthetic Jet Flowfield
Database for Computational Fluid Dynamics Validation," AIAA Journal,
Vol. 44, No. 12, December 2006, pp. 31533157.
Case 1 CFD:
 Cui, J., Agarwal, R. K., "3D CFD Validation of a Synthetic Jet in
Quiescent Air (NASA Langley Workshop Validation: Case 1)", AIAA 20042222, JuneJuly 2004.
 Vatsa, V. N., Turkel, E., "Simulation of Synthetic Jets in Quiescent Air Using
Unsteady Reynolds Averaged NavierStokes Equations," AIAA 20044967, August 2004.
 Yamaleev, N. K., Carpenter, M. H., "A Quasi1D Model for Arbitrary 3D
Synthetic Jet Actuators," AIAA 20050643, January 2005.
 Kotapati, R. B., Mittal, R., "TimeAccurate ThreeDimensional Simulations
of Synthetic Jets in Quiescent Air," AIAA 20050103, January 2005.
 Vatsa, V., Carpenter, M., "HigherOrder Temporal Schemes with Error Controllers
for Unsteady NavierStokes Equations," AIAA 20055245, June 2005.
 Xia, H. and Qin, N., "Dynamic Grid and Unsteady Boundary Conditions for
Synthetic Jet Flow," AIAA 20050106, January 2005.
 Yamaleev, N. K., Carpenter, M. H., "QuasioneDimensional Model for
Realistic ThreeDimensional Synthetic Jet Actuators,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2, February 2006, pp. 208216.
 Vatsa, V. N., Turkel, E., "Simulation of Synthetic Jets Using
Unsteady ReynoldsAveraged NavierStokes Equations,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2, February 2006, pp. 217224.
 Carpy, S., Manceau, R., "Turbulence Modelling of Statistically Periodic Flows:
Synthetic Jet into Quiescent Air," Int. Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 27, No. 5,
2006, pp. 756767.
 Xia, H. and Qin, N., "Comparison of Unsteady Laminar and DES Solutions of
Synthetic Jet Flow," AIAA 20063161, June 2006.
 Cui, J. and Agarwal, R. K., "ThreeDimensional Computation of a Synthetic
Jet in Quiescent Air," AIAA Journal, Vol. 44, No. 12, December 2006, pp. 28572865.
 Park, S. H., Yu, Y. H., Byun, D. Y., "RANS Simulations of a Synthetic Jet
in Quiescent Air," AIAA 20071131, January 2007.
 Kotapati, R. B., Mittal, R., Cattafesta, L. N. III, "Numerical Study of a
Transitional Synthetic Jet in Quiescent External Flow," Journal of Fluid Mechanics,
Vol. 581, 2007, pp. 287321.
 Zhang, P. F., Wang, J. J., "Novel Signal Wave Pattern for Efficient
Synthetic Jet Generation," AIAA Journal, Vol. 45, No. 5, May 2007, pp. 10581065.
 Xia, H. and Qin, N., "DES Applied to an Isolated Synthetic Jet Flow,"
in Advances in Hybrid RANSLES Modelling, Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and
Multidisciplinary Design, Vol. 97, S.H. Peng and W. Haase (Eds.), SpringerVerlag, Berlin, 2008,
pp. 252260.
 Adya, S., Han, D., and Hosder, S., "Uncertainty Quantification
Integrated to CFD Modeling of Synthetic Jet Actuators," International Journal of Flow
Control, Vol. 2, No. 3, September 2010, pp. 169181.
Case 2 (Synthetic jet out of circular orifice into crossflow turbulent boundary layer):
Case 2 Experiment:
 Schaeffler, N. W., Jenkins, L. N., "The Isolated Synthetic Jet in
Crossflow: A Benchmark for Flow Control Simulation," AIAA 20042219, JuneJuly 2004.
 Schaeffler, N. W., Jenkins, L. N., "Isolated Synthetic Jet in
Crossflow: Experimental Protocols for a Validation Dataset," AIAA Journal,
Vol. 44, No. 12, December 2006, pp. 28462856.
Case 2 CFD:
 Rumsey, C. L., "Computation of a Synthetic Jet in a Turbulent CrossFlow
Boundary Layer," NASA/TM2004213273, October 2004.
Link to NASA Technical Report Server.
 Cui, J., Agarwal, R. K., "3D CFD Validation of an Axisymmetric Jet in CrossFlow
(NASA Langley Workshop Validation: Case 2)", AIAA 20051112, January 2005.
 Rumsey, C. L., Schaeffler, N. W., Milanovic, I. M., Zaman, K. B. M. Q.,
"TimeAccurate Computations of Isolated Circular Synthetic Jets in Crossflow," AIAA 20055016,
June 2005.
 Biedron, R., Vatsa, V., Atkins, H., "Simulation of Unsteady Flows Using an
Unstructured NavierStokes Solver on Moving and Stationary Grids," AIAA 20055093,
June 2005.
 Xia, H., Qin, N., "DetachedEddy Simulation for Synthetic Jets with
Moving Boundaries," Modern Physics Letters B, Vol. 19, Nos. 2829, 2005, pp. 14291434.
 Dandois, J., Garnier, E., Sagaut, P., "Unsteady Simulation of Synthetic
Jet in a Crossflow,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2, February 2006, pp. 225238.
 Rumsey, C. L., Schaeffler, N. W., Milanovic, I. M., and Zaman, K. B. M. Q.,
"TimeAccurate Computations of Isolated Circular Synthetic Jets in Crossflow,"
Computers & Fluids, Vol. 36, No. 6, 2007, pp. 10921105.
Case 3 (2D Hump model with no flow control, steady suction, and synthetic jet control):
Case 3 Related Websites:
 ERCOFTAC Database (Classic Collection) Case C.83
 11th ERCOFTAC/IAHR Workshop on
Refined Turbulence Modelling

12th ERCOFTAC/IAHR Workshop on Refined Turbulence Modelling

V&V I: Code Verification and Solution Verification & Validation Workshop at ECCOMAS CFD 2010

Advanced Turbulence Simulation for Aerodynamic Application (ATAAC)
Case 3 Experiment:
 Greenblatt, D., Paschal, K. B., Yao, C.S., Harris, J., Schaeffler, N. W.,
Washburn, A. E., "A Separation Control CFD Validation Test Case, Part 1:
Baseline and Steady Suction," AIAA 20042220, JuneJuly 2004.
 Greenblatt, D., Paschal, K. B., Yao, C.S., Harris, J.,
"A Separation Control CFD Validation Test Case, Part 2:
Zero Efflux Oscillatory Blowing," AIAA 20050485, January 2005.
 Naughton, J. W., Viken, S. A., Greenblatt, D., "Wall Shear Stress
Measurements on the NASA Hump Model for CFD Validation," AIAA 20042607, JuneJuly 2004.
 Greenblatt, D., Paschal, K. B., Yao, C.S., Harris, J., Schaeffler, N. W.,
Washburn, A. E., "Experimental Investigation of Separation Control Part 1:
Baseline and Steady Suction," AIAA Journal,
Vol. 44, No. 12, December 2006, pp. 28202830.
 Greenblatt, D., Paschal, K. B., Yao, C.S., Harris, J.,
"Experimental Investigation of Separation Control Part 2:
Zero MassEfflux Oscillatory Blowing," AIAA Journal,
Vol. 44, No. 12, December 2006, pp. 28312845.
 Naughton, J. W., Viken, S., Greenblatt, D., "SkinFriction Measurements
on the NASA Hump Model,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 44, No. 6, June 2006, pp. 12551265.
 Aditjandra, A., Trosin, B. J., Naguib, A. M.,
"Array Measurements of the Surface Pressure Beneath a Forced
AxiSymmetric Separation Bubble,"
Exp Fluids, Vol. 46, 2009, pp. 297308. (Uses hump model in a related
experimental effort.)
 Kale, N. V., Dutton, J. C., Elliott, G. S.,
"Separation Flow Control on a WallMounted Hump Using Pneumatically Enhanced/Deployed Actuators,"
AIAA 20120744, January 2012. (Uses hump model in a related experimental effort.)
 Kale, N. V., Dutton, J. C., Elliott, G. S.,
"Separation Flow Control on a WallMounted Hump Using Pneumatically Enhanced/Deployed Actuators,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 51, No. 11, 2013, pp. 27472750. (Uses hump model in a related experimental effort.)
Case 3 CFD:
 Morgan, P. E., Rizzetta, D. P., Visbal, M. R., "Numerical Investigation of
Separation Control for Flow Over a Wall Mounted Hump," AIAA 20042510, JuneJuly 2004.
 Krishnan, V., Squires, K. D., Forsythe, J. R., "Prediction of
Separated Flow Characteristics over a Hump using RANS and DES,"
AIAA 20042224, JuneJuly 2004.
 Israel, D. M., Postl, D., Fasel, H. F., "A Flow Simulation Methodology
for Analysis of Coherent Structures and Flow Control," AIAA 20042225, JuneJuly 2004.
 Morgan, P. E., Rizzetta, D. P., Visbal, M. R., "LargeEddy Simulation
of Flow Over a WallMounted Hump," AIAA 20050484, January 2005.
 Balakumar, P., "Computations of Flow over a Hump Model Using Higher
Order Method with Turbulence Modeling," AIAA 20051270, January 2005.
 Cui, J., Agarwal, R. K., "CFD Validation of Turbulent Separation Control
on a 2D Hump (NASA Langley Workshop Validation: Case 3)," AIAA 20055013, June 2005.
 Capizzano, F., Catalano, P., Marongiu, C., Vitagliano, P. L.,
"URANS Modelling of Turbulent Flows Controlled by Synthetic Jets," AIAA 20055015,
June 2005.
 Morgan, P. E., Rizzetta, D. P., Visbal, M. R., "LargeEddy Simulation of
Separation Control for Flow Over a WallMounted Hump," AIAA 20055017,
June 2005.
 You, D., Wang, M., Moin, P., "LargeEddy Simulation of Flow over a
WallMounted Hump with Separation Control," Annual Research Briefs 2005,
Center for Turbulence Research, Stanford University, 2005.
 Saric, S., Jakirlic, S., Tropea, C., "Computational Analysis of Locally
Forced Flow over a WallMounted Hump at HighRe Number," Proc. of 4th Int. Symposium on
Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, Williamsburg, USA, June 2729, 2005, vol. 3, pp. 11891194.
 Rumsey, C., "ReynoldsAveraged NavierStokes Analysis of Zero Efflux
Flow Control over a Hump Model," AIAA 20061114, January 2006.
 Morgan, P. E., Rizzetta, D. P., Visbal, M. R., "HighOrder Numerical
Simulation of Turbulent Flow over a WallMounted Hump,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2, February 2006, pp. 239251.
 Krishnan, V., Squires, K. D., Forsythe, J. R., "Prediction of
Separated Flow Characteristics over a Hump,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2, February 2006, pp. 252262.
 Postl, D., Fasel, H. F., "Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Flow
Separation from a WallMounted Hump,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2, February 2006, pp. 263272.
 Hiller, S. J., Seitz, P. A., "The Interaction Between a Fluidic Actuator
and Main Flow Using SAS Turbulence Modeling," AIAA 20063678, June 2006.
 Biswas, D., "Studies on Separation Control CFD Validation Test Case
Based on a Higher Order LES Model," AIAA 20063684, June 2006.
 Saric, S., Jakirlic, S., Djugum, A., Tropea, C., "Computational Analysis
of a Locally Forced Flow over a WallMounted Hump at HighRe Number,"
Int. Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 27, No. 4, 2006, pp. 707720.
 You, D., Wang, M., Moin, P., "LargeEddy Simulation of Flow over a
WallMounted Hump with Separation Control,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 44, No. 11, November 2006, pp. 25712577.
 Johansson, T. G. and Davidson, L.,
"11th ERCOFTAC Workshop on Refined Turbulence Modelling,"
ERCOFTAC Bulletin, Vol. 69, 2006, pp. 2834.
 Bettini, C., Cravero, C., "Computational Analysis of Flow Separation Control
for the Flow Over a WallMounted Hump Using a Synthetic Jet,"
AIAA 20070516, January 2007.
 He, C., Corke, T. C., Patel, M. P., "Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Plasma
Flow Control Over a Hump Model," AIAA 20070935, January 2007 (includes additional
experiment and CFD using plasma flow control).
 Rumsey, C.,
"ReynoldsAveraged NavierStokes Analysis of Zero Efflux Flow Control over a Hump Model,"
Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 44, No. 2, 2007, pp. 444452.
 Morgan, P. E., Rizzetta, D. P., Visbal, M. R., "LargeEddy Simulation of
Separation Control for Flow Over a WallMounted Hump,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 45, No. 11, November 2007, pp. 26432660.
 Madugundi, D., Nagib, H., Kiedaisch, J., "Evaluation of Turbulence Models
Through Prediction of Separated Flows with and without Flow Control and Circulation
Effects," AIAA 20080567, January 2008.
 Franck, J. A., Colonius, T., "LargeEddy Simulation of Separation Control
for Compressible Flow over a WallMounted Hump," AIAA 20080555, January 2008.
 Rumsey, C. L. and Greenblatt, D., "Flow Control Predictions Using URANS
Modeling: A Parametric Study," 5th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow
Phenomena (TSFP5), Volume 2, ed. R Friedrich, N. A. Adams, J. K. Eaton, J. A. C. Humphrey,
N. Kasagi, M. A. Leschziner, August 2007, Garching Germany, pp. 591596.
 Rumsey, C. L. and Greenblatt, D., "Parametric Study of Flow Control Over
a Hump Model Using an Unsteady ReynoldsAveraged NavierStokes Code,"
NASA/TM2007214897, September 2007.
Link to NASA Technical Report Server.
 Thiele, F. and Jakirlic, S., "12th ERCOFTAC/IAHR/COST Workshop on
Refined Turbulence Modelling," ERCOFTAC Bulletin, Vol. 75, December 2007, pp. 510.
 Noelting, S., Wessels, M., Keating, A., Satti, R., Li, Y., Shock, R.,
"Lattice Boltzmann Simulations of the Flow over a Hump with Flow Control,"
AIAA 20086721, August 2008.
 Yeshala, N., Min, B.Y., and Sankar, L. N., "Drag Reduction Studies
Using Active Flow Control," AIAA 20083870, June 2008.
 Yoshio, M. and Abe, K., "Performance of ReynoldsAveraged Turbulence Models
for Unsteady Separated Flows with Periodic Blowing and Suction," Proceedings of 18th
International Symposium on Transport Phenomena, Daejeon, Korea, pp. 13591366, 2007.
Link to summary of this paper.
 Saric, S., Kniesner, B., Mehdizadeh, A., Jakirlic, S., Hanjalic, K., and
Tropea, C., "Comparative Assessment of Hybrid LES/RANS Models in Turbulent Flows Separating
from Smooth Surfaces,"
in Advances in Hybrid RANSLES Modelling, Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and
Multidisciplinary Design, Vol. 97, S.H. Peng and W. Haase (Eds.), SpringerVerlag, Berlin, 2008,
pp. 142151.
 Kniesner, B. and Jakirlic, S., "Interface Issues in LES/RANS Coupling Strategies:
Location, Variables Exchange and Turbulence Level Adustment," 8th World Congress on Computational
Mechanics (WCCM8) and 5th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and
Engineering (ECCOMAS 2008), JuneJuly 2008, Venice, Italy.
 Gan, S., Ghia, U., Ghia, K., "Active Separation Control of Flow Over a WallMounted
Hump Using ZeroEfflux Synthetic Jet," Paper no. IMECE200869137,
ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE2008),
Volume 10: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B, and C,
Boston, Massachusetts, Oct 31  Nov 6, 2008, pp. 959967.
 Corson, D., Jaiman, R., Shakib, F., "Industrial Application
of RANS Modelling: Capabilities and Needs,"
International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 23, No. 4,
AprilMay 2009, pp. 337347.
 Franck, J. A., Colonius, T., "Oscillatory Control and the Effects
of Actuation Frequency on a WallMounted Hump,"
AIAA 20094019, June 2009.
 Krechetnikov, R., Marsden, J. E., Nagib, H. M.,
"A LowDimensional Model of Separation Bubbles,"
Physica D, Vol. 238, 2009, pp. 11521160.
 Avdis, A., Lardeau, S., Leschziner, M.,
"Large Eddy Simulation of Separated Flow over a Twodimensional Hump with and
without Control by Means of a Synthetic Slotjet,"
Flow Turbulence Combust, Vol. 83, 2009, pp. 343370.
 Rumsey, C. L. and Greenblatt, D.,
"Flow Control Predictions Using Unsteady ReynoldsAveraged
NavierStokes Modeling: A Parametric Study,"
AIAA Journal, Vol. 47, No. 9,
September 2009, pp. 22592262.
 Lyons, D. C., Peltier, L. J., Zajaczkowski, F. J., and Paterson, E. G.,
"Assessment of DES Models for Separated Flow From a Hump in a Turbulent Boundary Layer,"
Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 131, November 2009, 111203.
 Bozinoski, R., Davis, R. L., "A DES Procedure Applied to a WallMounted Hump,"
AIAA 20093667, June 2009.
 Franck, J. A., Colonius, T., "Compressible LargeEddy Simulation of Separation Control
on a WallMounted Hump," AIAA Journal, Vol. 48, No. 6, June 2010, pp. 10981107.
 Davidson, L., Peng, S.H., "Embedded LES Using PANS," AIAA 20113108, June 2011.
 Menter, F. R., Schutze, J., Kurbatskii, K. A., Gritskevich, M., Garbaruk, A.,
"ScaleResolving Simulation Techniques in Industrial CFD," AIAA 20113474, June 2011.
 Han, D. and Hosder, S., "Inherent and ModelForm Uncertainty Analysis for
CFD Simulation of Synthetic Jet Actuators," AIAA 20120082, January 2012.
 Gritskevich, M. S., Garbaruk, A. V., Schutze, J., Menter, F. R.,
"Development of DDES and IDDES Formulations for the komega Shear Stress Transport Model,"
Flow Turbulence Combust, Vol. 88, 2012, pp. 431449, DOI 10.1007/s1049401193784.
 Franck, J. A., Colonius, T., "Effects of Actuation Frequency on Flow Control
Applied to a WallMounted Hump," AIAA Journal, Vol. 50, No. 7, July 2012, pp. 16311634.
 Cappelli, D., Mansour, N. N., "Performance of Reynolds Averaged NavierStokes
Models in Predicting Separated Flows: Study of the Hump Flow Model Problem,"
AIAA 20133154, June 2013.
 Davidson, L.,
"The PANS ke Model in a Zonal Hybrid RANSLES Formulation,"
International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 46, 2014, pp. 112126.
 Yeh, C.A., Munday, P. M., Taira, K., Munson, M. J.,
"Drag Reduction Control for Flow over a Hump with
SurfaceMounted Thermoacoustic Actuator,"
AIAA 20150826, January 2015.
 Sekhar, S., Mansour, N. N., Caubilla, D. H.,
"Implicit LES of Turbulent, Separated Flow:
WallMounted Hump Configuration,"
AIAA 20151966, June 2015.
 Higuera, D., Sekhar, S., Mansour, N. N., Razi, P., Girimaji, S.,
"PANS Simulations of Turbulent Separated Flow over a
Wallmounted Hump,"
AIAA 20152463, June 2015.
 Yagiz, B., Guzel, G., Koc, I.,
"Simulation of the Separated flow over a WallMounted Hump
using FiniteVolume Based Lattice Boltzmann Method,"
AIAA 20153422, June 2015.
 Shur, M. L., Spalart, P. R., Strelets, M. K., Travin, A. K.,
"Synthetic Turbulence Generators for RANSLES
Interfaces in Zonal Simulations of Aerodynamic
and Aeroacoustic Problems,"
Flow Turbulence Combust, Vol. 93, 2014, pp. 6392.
